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Heading the Ball in Soccer


Reuters

So you want to learn how to head the soccer ball like some of the greats in the game. Well, there's an art to heading the soccer ball, from re-directing the ball into the lower corner of the net to flicking the ball on to a player. 

Often, heading is the unsung soccer skill that doesn't get the respect it deserves. A tall forward who can win head balls or a defender who can go up on corners and score goals with their head are valuable pieces to building up a great soccer team. Then there are marksmen like Raul, who whips balls into the net with his head on a regular basis for Real Madrid and Spain.  Watch this spectacular header by Palermo of Boca Juniors or this smart header by Klinsmann - who of course is now the coach of the United States national team.

*See how NOT to head the ball.

Soccer Heading Basics

  • Use the upper portion of your forehead to head the soccer ball, just near where the hairline starts.
  • Keep your jaw tight and your teeth glenched when heading the soccer ball.
  • Power in heading comes from whipping your back and upper chest forward, and using legs and stomach muscles for strength.
  • Raise your arms and elbows to protect yourself.
  • Square your shoulders to the goal.
  • Bend your knees to get some leverage.
  • Keep your eyes open so you can see the ball - seems obvious but some young soccer players close their eyes.
  • Try to head the center of the ball.

On offense, when in front of goal, head the ball down and into the corners. It is more difficult for the goalkeeper to read and judge a ball that bounces in front of them and is low to the ground.

On defense, head the ball up as to give our teammates more time to read the play and get into position to defend--close down the offensive player. If you head the ball down you could mistakenly head the ball directly to an opponent who might get a shot off.

Also, keep your elbows up when going up in the air to protect yourself and dissuade others from trying to go up and win the header against you.

Standing Heading Position

The feet should be spaced apart, forming a good base, 8-10 inches wide. The feet should also be staggered, to provide balance when the upper body arches backwards as the ball arrives. The trunk of the body should snap forward to give power to the header as the forehead contacts the ball. Point of contact on the ball can vary depending on whether the player is attacking or defending.

When heading to score, the contact should be at the midline of the ball to keep it directed down and low. When defending, the contact should be made below the midline of the ball, with the upper body continuing forward to head the ball into the air.

One-footed Take-off

When jumping off one leg, choose the leg most appropriate to the situation. Some players prefer jumping off of one leg over the other; so a coach should make sure players are able to jump off of either leg successfully when attempting to head the ball. On takeoff, the knee and ankle of the take off leg should push upward and should arch backwards after the jump. The action of the non-takeoff leg should swing forward and high, bending at the hip and knee.

The upper body should be leaning forward at the point of takeoff and, when maximum height is reached, the body should arch backwards. The momentum of reaching back in a snapping motion propels the upper body forward, and the energy generated puts power behind the header. The head and neck should be tense as the forehead meets the ball. The player should end up landing on both feet.

To Re-Direct the Ball

If you're trying to re-direct the ball with your head, then you want to flick the ball on, just get a touch on the ball with your head. The player's jumping should be rotated towards the intended direction you want the ball to go, so that the surface of the forehead and the upper body are at the right angle to redirect the soccer ball. 

In addition, when heading from a jump-and-turning action, it is best to jump with the leg that is closest to the ball. The opposite leg must then swing in the direction of the ball, in order to help rotate the trunk. Again, you're basically trying to flick the ball on and using the pace of the ball to get it to its intended target.

Diving Header

There are instances when a soccer ball is served below head height, so you have to dive in order to get to the ball. As one foot pushes off the ground, the opposite leg kicks in a upward motion while the upper body leans forward and the arms are extended forward. The body is parallel to the ground as the forehead strikes the midline of the ball. Arms are still extended outward to help brace the landing as the body connects with the ground at roughly a 45-degree angle. Take a look at this diving header by Alan Shearer. This is how it's done:

 

Heading Skills Are For Older Players

Heading is an important part of the game of soccer, but it's not a skill that young kids need to focus on. Heading the ball is really something that older players, say past the age of 16, should starting working on in training. Let young soccer players work on mastering the ball at their foot and start using their head as they get more mature and grow into their bodies.

So, while it's alright to do some heading work in training for younger players, there's really no need to risk a concusion or a head injury by heading the soccer ball too much in a practice session - leave the heading for games. But again, heading is a skill that can be learned once a player is stronger and older, the skill work with the feet takes more time and practice - focus on that.


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